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Four Most Common Causes of Hair Loss in Women

Tight, pulling hairstyles can be a top cause of hair loss in women.

Tight, pulling hairstyles can be a top cause of hair loss in women.

Hair loss can be tough for anyone, but it’s particularly disheartening for women. After all, it’s socially far more acceptable for men to rock a smooth dome as they age than for women to lose their tresses. Yet, research shows that one in four women nationwide suffers from lost or thinning hair – a statistic that reflects some 25 million American women.

The most common causes of women’s hair loss are:

  1. Androgenic Alopecia: This condition is to blame for a full 95 percent of female hair loss and affects some 40 percent of US women. It can be hereditary and is brought about by the action of androgens, male hormones that typically are present in small amounts in women. Androgenic Alopecia (often called Androgenetic Alopecia) happens when these hormones react to any of a variety issues including ovarian cysts, pregnancy, menopause and taking certain birth control pills. One androgen hormone in particular, Dihydrotestosterone or DHT, is a major contributor to this type of hair loss because it reduces the size of hair follicles in women.
  2. Telogen Effluvium: A highly stressful or traumatic event can wreak havoc on a woman’s body, leading to Telogen Effluvium (TE), a stress-induced type of hair loss. For many patients, this condition is brought about by events like childbirth, major surgery, a severe infection or illness, or periods of malnutrition. The stress causes much of the hair that is in the growing (anagen) phase to shift into the shedding (catagen) phase all at once, leading to significant hair loss about six weeks to three months following the stressor. TE often can be kept in remission with successful treatment and stress management.
  3. Anagen Effluvium: This condition is a result of any trauma to the hair follicle that damages its mitotic or metabolic activity. A primary cause is chemotherapy. Though chemo targets rapidly divining cancer cells, other rapidly dividing cells are affected as well – including hair follicles in the growing phase.
  4. Traction alopecia: This common type of hair loss also is the most preventable and potentially reversible. It’s caused by localized damage to hair follicles via tight hairstyles that pull at hair over time. Tight ponytails, braids, cornrows and extensions are top culprits.

Female hair loss can be a confidence killer. If your tresses are thinning, schedule a consultation with one of Metropolitan Dermatology’s three New Jersey offices in Clark, Kearny or Teaneck.

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Cosmetic, Medical & Surgical Dermatology

Metropolitan Dermatology Locations

1075 Central Avenue
Clark, NJ 07066
Clark NJ location servicing Edison, Westfield, Elizabeth, Linden, Scotch Plains, & Cranford, NJ

757 Teaneck Road
Teaneck, NJ 07666
Teaneck NJ location servicing Hackensack, Fort Lee, Fair Lawn, Englewood, and Bergenfield, NJ.

703 Kearny Ave.
Kearny, NJ 07032
Kearny NJ location servicing Jersey City, Nutley, North Arlington, Lyndhurst, and Hoboken, NJ. *Formerly 752 Kearny

1324 Victory Boulevard
Staten Island, NY 10301
Staten Island NY location servicing all of New York City!

3202 John F Kennedy Blvd.
Jersey City, NJ 07306
Jersey City, NJ location servicing Jersey City and Newark.

114 Lakeview Avenue
South Plainfield, NJ 07080
South Plainfield, NJ location servicing Plainfield and Edison.

449 60th St.
West New York, NJ 07093
West New York NJ location servicing Union City, Bayonne, North Bergen, Hoboken, & Secaucus NJ

469 Morris Ave. Ste 2
Elizabeth, NJ 07208
Elizabeth, NJ location servicing Elizabeth, Linden, Roselle Park and Hillside.

622 Boulevard
Kenilworth, NJ 07033
Kenilworth, NJ location servicing Springfield Township, Union, and Mountainside.