Clark 732.574.1399 | Kearny 201.998.4699 | Teaneck 201.837.3939 | Jersey City 201.792.4500 | West New York 201.861.4226 | Staten Island 718.448.4488

Top 10 Non-Hereditary Hair Loss Causes

Non-hereditary hair loss causes can include overuse of heated styling tools, certain medications and fungal infections like ringworm.

Non-hereditary hair loss causes can include overuse of heated styling tools, certain medications and fungal infections like ringworm.

An inherited condition called Androgenetic Alopecia is the leading cause of hair loss in both men and women. But there are multiple other causes that have nothing to do with genetics. If your formerly healthy tresses are unexpectedly thinning, one of these common culprits may be to blame.

  1. Medications: Side effects of certain blood thinners, antidepressants, birth control pills and medications that treat arthritis, gout, blood pressure and some heart problems can include hair loss. But prescriptions aren’t the only threat. Too much vitamin A also can cause hair loss.
  2. Thyroid disease: When your body produces too much or too little thyroid hormone, hair loss is a common symptom. Fortunately, it’s highly treatable.
  3. Surgery and general anesthesia: Both of these place your body under significant stress, which can alter the growth and shedding cycles of your hair.
  4. Childbirth: Speaking of trauma, while it’s certainly a worthwhile experience, childbirth also does a number on your body. Heightened estrogen levels help to keep your hair from falling out during pregnancy, making it appear thicker. But a few months after your baby arrives and your body’s estrogen levels drop, all that extra hair begins to shed. Once your estrogen levels balance out, your hair’s shedding levels should return to normal.
  5. Psychological stress: Physical stress isn’t the only hair loss culprit. Enduring a period of psychological stress is thought to spark a change in your body’s routine physiological functions, causing a disproportionate number of hairs to go into the resting phase at the same time, shedding several months later.
  6. Anemia: This health condition causes a drop in iron levels, which can lead to hair loss. Reasons behind these drops can include poor diet, blood loss or problems with iron absorption.
  7. Diet: Lacking a well-balanced diet can deprive your body of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients important for healthy hair. A top concern is protein because too little of it can inhibit your body’s ability to develop new hair follicles. Low-calorie diets that lead to rapid weight loss also can lead to hair loss.
  8. Hair appliances: Overuse of hair dryers, curling irons, flat irons and other high-heat styling tools can damage and break your hair. When styling close to the scalp, this can cause a balding look. The worst damage happens when you use hot tools on wet hair, as it actually boils the water in your hair shaft, making your hair brittle and more prone to breaking or falling out.
  9. Trichotillomania: This impulse control disorder compels victims to impulsively and repeatedly pull out their own hair. Depending upon the duration and intensity of the condition, hair may or may not regrow with treatment.
  10. Fungal Infections: Certain scalp infections like ringworm can cause your scalp to become dry and scaly, causing patchy hair loss. Fortunately, these infections are easily treatable with antifungal medications.

If you’re experiencing unexplained hair loss, schedule a consultation with Metropolitan Dermatology. Our physicians can help determine the cause and tailor a treatment plan to help return your hair’s natural luster.

Four Most Common Causes of Hair Loss in Women

Tight, pulling hairstyles can be a top cause of hair loss in women.

Tight, pulling hairstyles can be a top cause of hair loss in women.

Hair loss can be tough for anyone, but it’s particularly disheartening for women. After all, it’s socially far more acceptable for men to rock a smooth dome as they age than for women to lose their tresses. Yet, research shows that one in four women nationwide suffers from lost or thinning hair – a statistic that reflects some 25 million American women.

The most common causes of women’s hair loss are:

  1. Androgenic Alopecia: This condition is to blame for a full 95 percent of female hair loss and affects some 40 percent of US women. It can be hereditary and is brought about by the action of androgens, male hormones that typically are present in small amounts in women. Androgenic Alopecia (often called Androgenetic Alopecia) happens when these hormones react to any of a variety issues including ovarian cysts, pregnancy, menopause and taking certain birth control pills. One androgen hormone in particular, Dihydrotestosterone or DHT, is a major contributor to this type of hair loss because it reduces the size of hair follicles in women.
  2. Telogen Effluvium: A highly stressful or traumatic event can wreak havoc on a woman’s body, leading to Telogen Effluvium (TE), a stress-induced type of hair loss. For many patients, this condition is brought about by events like childbirth, major surgery, a severe infection or illness, or periods of malnutrition. The stress causes much of the hair that is in the growing (anagen) phase to shift into the shedding (catagen) phase all at once, leading to significant hair loss about six weeks to three months following the stressor. TE often can be kept in remission with successful treatment and stress management.
  3. Anagen Effluvium: This condition is a result of any trauma to the hair follicle that damages its mitotic or metabolic activity. A primary cause is chemotherapy. Though chemo targets rapidly divining cancer cells, other rapidly dividing cells are affected as well – including hair follicles in the growing phase.
  4. Traction alopecia: This common type of hair loss also is the most preventable and potentially reversible. It’s caused by localized damage to hair follicles via tight hairstyles that pull at hair over time. Tight ponytails, braids, cornrows and extensions are top culprits.

Female hair loss can be a confidence killer. If your tresses are thinning, schedule a consultation with one of Metropolitan Dermatology’s three New Jersey offices in Clark, Kearny or Teaneck.

Top Trigger Factors for Rosacea

Knowing your unique triggers can help reduce your Rosacea flare-ups.

Knowing your unique triggers can help reduce your Rosacea flare-ups.

A rosy complexion is a sign of good health. But a blotchy, red look that often comes with itching or stinging is an entirely different matter. It’s called Rosacea and it’s a condition that causes certain facial blood vessels to enlarge, wreaking havoc on your complexion. Your skin may appear flushed and swollen with visible spider veins, and feel dry, rough or scaly.

While there’s no definitive cause, there are multiple known triggers. Here are a few of the most common, according to a recent survey conducted by the National Rosacea Society:

  • Drinking alcohol
  • Spicy foods
  • Food and drinks that are hot in temperature
  • Exercise or heavy exertion, particularly during extremely hot or cold, humid or windy weather
  • Hot baths or saunas
  • Sun exposure
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Sudden change in emotion, such as embarrassment or sudden laughter
  • Menopause
  • Chronic cough
  • Caffeine withdrawal syndrome
  • Products with ingredients that can dry out your skin, like alcohol, Propylene glycol or artificial fragrances
  • Certain medications including topical steroids, blood pressure drugs and opiate painkillers
  • Allergic reactions

Have you suffered signs of Rosacea? Researchers conducting the study found that 96 percent of the 1,221 Rosacea-diagnosed patients surveyed were able to significantly reduce the number of flare-ups they suffered one they had successfully identified their unique triggers. Metropolitan Dermatology can help you identify the triggers that provoke your Rosacea and develop a customized treatment plan to manage symptoms.

Call now to schedule a consultation at the Metropolitan Dermatology office nearest you in Clark (732-574-1399), Kearny (201-997-8008) or Teaneck (201-837-3939).

Five Ways to Boost your Beauty Sleep

Sleeping on your back can help keep your skin looking young.

Sleeping on your back can help keep your skin looking young.

Getting your beauty sleep truly is critical to maintaining a youthful and radiant look. A lack of it causes blood vessels to dilate, which leaves you with dark circles and bags beneath your eyes. It also leads to a boost in stress hormones in your body, which can trigger or exacerbate inflammatory conditions like psoriasis or acne, and leads to premature aging. And that one-too-many cocktail before you head to bed won’t do you any skincare favors either.

To help assure you get sufficient, restorative rest, Metropolitan Dermatology offers these five top tips for a great beauty sleep…

  1. Kick the cocktails: Drinking alcohol too close to bedtime can significantly alter your sleep patterns, sending you directly into a deep sleep. This means that you miss out on the normal first and subsequent five to six REM (rapid eye movement) stages of sleep, getting only one or two instead. As a result, you wake up exhausted and your face shows it. Limit your alcohol intake and stop at least a few hours before going to bed.
  2. Cleanse, tone and moisturize: Going to bed with your makeup on can dry out your skin, enlarge your pores and leave you with red, cracked and flaky skin. Develop and stick to a nightly skincare routine that includes a high quality cleanser, toner and nighttime moisturizer.
  3. Take time to wind down: Turn off your TV and computer, put away your smartphone and relax for the last hour before bed. This gives you a chance to clear your mind and get into a restful mode, assuring a deeper sleep.
  4. Sleep on your back: Sleeping on your stomach or side press your face into your pillow, creasing your skin. That’s where those lines that you see when you first look into the mirror in the morning come from. They may seem to disappear as the morning progresses, but over the years of sleeping in the same position those lines will become more permanent. Sleep on your back instead.
  5. Choose silk: Speaking of pillows, choose silk or high quality satin pillow case. Certain fabrics, like cotton, absorb moisture, pulling it away from and out of your skin. Silk and statin instead help keep moisture close to your skin, leaving hydrated.

Maintain a healthy and youthful look by making sleep a priority and seeing a dermatologist regularly. Metropolitan Dermatology can help develop a custom skincare plan for your unique needs.

Interview with Points Sports Health Magazine about Skin Care Basics for Athletes

PSH_Logo1June 2011 Read an interview with “Points Sports Health Magazine” about “Skin Care Basics for Athletes” –Download a PDF or visit Points Sports Health Magazine.

May is Skin Cancer Awareness Month

May is Skin Cancer Awareness Month. Metropolitan Dermatology conducted three free skin cancer screenings at three different locations. Two screenings were for local firefighters, police and municipal employees. One was conducted at our Teaneck office and a second at the Springfield (Dr. Doctoroff’s home town) municipal building. The third screening was for the employees of L’Oreal Company in Clark, NJ. Read about them here and here. (.pdf downloads)

Interview with Dr. Doctoroff about the most popular non-invasive anti-aging treatment

healthandbeautylogoRead the interview with Dr. Doctoroff about the most popular non-invasive anti-aging treatment as seen in New Jersey Life Health & Beauty Magazine. Download a .pdf

Dr. Doctoroff Takes on Non-Dermatologists Practicing the Specialty

Spring 2011 – Dr. Doctoroff Takes on Non-Dermatologists Practicing the Specialty Read the article (.PDF) aocd

Dermline reported on Dr. Doctoroff’s designing of educational website Dermatopedia.com

Dermline, the official publication of the AOCD reported on Dr. Doctoroff’s designing of educational website “Dermatopedia.com” Read the article (.PDF)

Dr. Doctoroff attended 2nd International Dermoscopy Congress in Barcelona, Spain

In November 2009 Dr. Doctoroff attended 2nd International Dermoscopy Congress in Barcelona, Spain. Dr. Doctoroff was one of very few Americans attending the conference. He learned multiple advanced techniques in skin microscopy. Skin microscopy is currently not only used for diagnosis of skin cancers, but also for treatment of inflammatory conditions (psoriasis, lichen planus, etc), hair disorders (alopecia areata, genetic alopecia, trichotillomania and so on), and pre-cancerous conditions (actinic keratoses, Bowen’s disease). The knowledge will allow our practice to remain on the cutting edge of scientific innovation.


Cosmetic, Medical & Surgical Dermatology


Metropolitan Dermatology Locations

1075 Central Avenue
Clark, NJ 07066
732-574-1399
Clark NJ location servicing Edison, Westfield, Elizabeth, Linden, Scotch Plains, & Cranford, NJ

757 Teaneck Road
Teaneck, NJ 07666
201-837-3939
Teaneck NJ location servicing Hackensack, Fort Lee, Fair Lawn, Englewood, and Bergenfield, NJ.

703 Kearny Ave.
Kearny, NJ 07032
201-998-4699
Kearny NJ location servicing Jersey City, Nutley, North Arlington, Lyndhurst, and Hoboken, NJ. *Formerly 752 Kearny

1324 Victory Boulevard
Staten Island, NY 10301
718-448-4488
Staten Island NY location servicing all of New York City!

3202 John F Kennedy Blvd.
Jersey City, NJ 07306
201-792-4500
Jersey City, NJ location servicing Jersey City and Newark.

114 Lakeview Avenue
South Plainfield, NJ 07080
South Plainfield, NJ location servicing Plainfield and Edison.

449 60th St.
West New York, NJ 07093
201-861-4226
West New York NJ location servicing Union City, Bayonne, North Bergen, Hoboken, & Secaucus NJ

469 Morris. Ave
Elizabeth, NJ 07208
Elizabeth, NJ location servicing Elizabeth, Linden, Roselle Park and Hillside.